Coronavirus keywords


Siouxsie Wiles and Toby Morris / CC BY-SA

We have all been knocked sideways by the outbreak of Coronavirus. Here are some basic terms so that, if and when we get out of this mess, we can talk about it with due propriety. The article is inspired by a short glossary compiled by

community spread transmisión comunitaria transmissió comunitària About a disease whose source of infection is unknown.
coronavirus coronavirus coronavirus A group of RNA-containing spherical viruses, including SARS, MERS and COVID-19.
epidemic epidemia epidèmia Temporary prevalence of a disease where it is usually absent.
flatten the curve aplanar la curva aplanar la corba Slowing the rate of infection (so that health services are not overwhelmed).
herd immunity inmunidad de grupo immunitat de grup Immunity of a group of organisms most of which have been exposed to the disease in question.
immunity inmunidad immunitat Resistance to a disease.
incubation period periodo de incubación període d’incubació The time between infection and appearance of symptoms.
mitigation mitigación mitigació Measures to slow disease spread, such as quarantine, isolation and social distancing.
pandemic pandemia pandèmia An epidemic throughout an entire country, continent or the whole world.
quarantine cuarentena quarantena Strict isolation of people with a communicable disease or exposed to it.
screening controles controls Examinations to check if people have a disease.
social distancing distanciamiento social distanciament social Measures to reduce contact between large groups of people.
symptom síntoma símptoma A consequence of a disease and a sign of it.
zoonotic zoonótico zoonòtic About animal diseases that can be caught by humans.

Wishing a satisfactory home isolation to all Tradiling readers, a speedy recovery to those who fall sick, and strength and success to all those who are working to help the community get through this crisis.

Further glossaries

Richard Samson
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Richard Samson

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I’m a teacher living in Osona, Spain. I'm into tennis, dogs, and chickens. I’m also interested in translation and Moodle (well, digital tools for teaching, in general).
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